Income tax

Estimate your personal income tax liability using the current rates. View the current rates here.

Call 0115 9291310 or email sfletcher@fletcher-accounts.co.uk

Rates

Income tax applies to the amount of income after deduction of personal allowances.

Income is taxed in a specific order with savings and dividend income taxed last.

Dividend income and savings income falling within the dividend and savings allowances still form part of total income of an individual.

The starting rate band is only applicable to savings income. The 0% rate is not available if the taxable amount of non-savings income exceeds the starting rate band.

The Scottish Parliament set the rates of income tax and the limits at which these rates apply for Scottish residents on non-savings and non-dividend income.

2018/19:

Type Band of taxable income (£) Rate (%) Rate if dividends (%)
Starting rate for savings 0 - 5,000 0 N/a
Basic rate 0 - 34,500 20 7.5
Higher rate 34,501 - 150,000 40 32.5
Additional rate Over 150,000 45 38.1

For Scottish residents the following bands apply for non-savings and non-dividend income:

Type Band of taxable income (£) Rate (%)
Starter rate 0 - 2,000 19
Basic rate 2,001 - 12,150 20
Intermediate rate 12,151 - 31,580 21
Higher rate 31,581 - 150,000 41
Additional rate Over 150,000 46

There are special rates for savings and dividend income.

Savings Allowance:

Band of taxpayer Amount (£) Rate (%)
Basic rate 1,000 0
Higher rate 500 0
Additional rate 0 N/a

Dividend Allowance:

Band of taxpayer Amount (£) Rate (%)
All 2,000 0

2017/18:

Type Band of taxable income (£) Rate (%) Rate if dividends (%)
Starting rate for savings 0 - 5,000 0 N/a
Basic rate 0 - 33,500 20 7.5
Higher rate 33,501 - 150,000 40 32.5
Additional rate Over 150,000 45 38.1

For Scottish residents the following bands apply for non-savings and non-dividend income:

Type Band of taxable income (£) Rate (%)
Basic rate 0 - 31,500 20
Higher rate 31,501 - 150,000 40
Additional rate Over 150,000 45

There are special rates for savings and dividend income.

Savings Allowance:

Band of taxpayer Amount (£) Rate (%)
Basic rate 1,000 0
Higher rate 500 0
Additional rate 0 N/a

Dividend Allowance:

Band of taxpayer Amount (£) Rate (%)
All 5,000 0

Allowances

A personal allowance gives an individual an annual amount of income free from income tax.

Income above the personal allowances is subject to income tax.

The personal allowance will be reduced if an individual's 'adjusted net income' is above £100,000. The allowance is reduced by £1 for every £2 of income above £100,000.

An individual born before 6 April 1935 may be entitled to a married couple's allowance but this is reduced if 'adjusted net income' is above the married couple's allowance income limit (see table below).

Marriage allowance - 10% of the personal allowance may be transferable between certain spouses where neither pays tax above the basic rate. The Marriage allowance is not available to couples entitled to the Married Couple's allowance.

Personal Allowance

Allowances 2018/19 (£) 2017/18 (£)
Personal allowance 11,850 11,500
Marriage allowance 1,190 1,150

Blind person's allowance

£2,390 (2017/18: £2,320)

Married couple's allowance

Either partner born before 6th April 1935.

Reduction in tax bill 2018/19 (£) 2017/18 (£)
Maximum 869.50 844.50
Minimum 336.00 326.00
Age allowance income limit 1 28,900 28,000

Note...

  1. Reduce married couples allowance by £1 for every £2 of 'adjusted net income' over £28,900.